Bank statement issue solution

Understanding Your Bank Statement: What Each Line Means


Your bank statement is more than just a list of transactions – it’s a valuable financial document that provides insights into your spending habits, income sources, and overall financial health. In Bangladesh, where banking plays a central role in everyday life, understanding your bank statement is crucial for managing your finances effectively. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll break down each line of your bank statement and explain what it means in the context of banking in Bangladesh.

Header Information

Name and Address: Your name and address as registered with the bank.

Account Number: Unique identifier for your bank account.

Statement Period: The period covered by the statement, usually a month.

Opening and Closing Balance: The balance in your account deposited at the beginning and end of the statement period (the balance on the last date).

Transaction Details

Date: The date when the transaction occurred.

Description: A brief description of the transaction, such as “ATM Withdrawal,” “Deposit,” or “Online Transfer.”

Transaction Code: A unique code assigned to each transaction for internal tracking purposes.

Debit Amount: The amount deducted from your account for a transaction.

Credit Amount: The amount added to your account for a transaction.

Balance: The remaining balance in your account after each transaction.

Types of Transactions

ATM Withdrawals: Cash withdrawals made at ATMs using your debit card.

Deposits: Money deposited into your account, either in cash or via electronic transfer.

Transfers: Funds transferred between your own accounts or to/from another person’s account.

Cheques: Payments made or received via cheques, including cheque deposits and clearances.

Card Payments: Debit or credit card transactions, including purchases and bill payments.

Fees and Charges: Any fees or charges deducted from your account, such as service charges or overdraft fees.

Interest Earned: Interest earned on your account balance, if applicable.

Standing Orders/Direct Debits: Automatic payments set up to pay bills or subscriptions.

Understanding Codes and Abbreviations:

ATM: Automated Teller Machine

POS: Point of Sale (card payments at retail stores)

NEFT: National Electronic Funds Transfer

RTGS: Real-Time Gross Settlement

ECS: Electronic Clearing Service

DD: Demand Draft

EMI: Equated Monthly Installment

TDS: Tax Deducted at Source

Analyzing Patterns and Trends

Reviewing Regular Expenses: Identify recurring expenses such as rent, utility bills, and loan repayments.

Tracking Income Sources: Monitor credits to your account from salary deposits, freelance work, or investments.

Budgeting and Financial Planning: Use your bank statement to create a budget, set financial goals, and track progress over time.

Detecting Fraudulent Activity: Regularly review your bank statement for unauthorized transactions or suspicious activity.


Your bank statement is a valuable tool for managing your finances and understanding your financial behavior. By deciphering each line of your bank statement and analyzing patterns and trends, you can gain insights into your spending habits, income sources, and overall financial health. Armed with this knowledge, you can make informed decisions, set financial goals, and achieve financial stability in Bangladesh’s banking landscape.

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